Situated in Tiruchirappalli district, on the banks of the River Kaveri
(also spelt as Cauvery) is Tiruchirappalli, a city known for its educational
institutions, industries, and temples. It is shortly called as "Tiruchi"
Trichy is the district headquarters of the district of Tiruchirappalli and
has its name for tourist attraction. The city is a thriving commercial
centre in Tamil Nadu and is famous for artificial diamonds, cigars, handloom
cloth, glass bangles and wooden and clay toys.
The Landmark Of The City
The most famous landmark of Tiruchirappalli is the Rock Fort Temple, a
spectacular monument perched on a massive rocky out crop which rises
abruptly from the plain to tower over the old city.
History Of Trichy ( Tiruchirappalli )
Tiruchi itself has a long history dating back to the centuries before the
Christian era when it was a Chola citadel. During the first millennium AD,
it changed hands between the Pallavas and Pandyas many times before being
taken by the Cholas in the 10th century AD. When the Chola Empire finally
declined, Tiruchi passed into the hands of the Vijayanagar kings of Hampi
and remained with them until their defeat, in 1565 AD by the forces of the
The city and its fort, as they stand today, were built by the Nayaks of
Madurai. It was one of the main centers around which the wars of the
Carnatic were fought in the 18th century during the British-French struggle
for supremacy in India.
Major Attractions of Trichy ( Tiruchirappalli )
- Viralimalai Sanctuary
Viralimalai is a small town situated at a distance of 30-km from
Tiruchirappalli and 40-km from Pudukkottai. It is famous for its Murugan
temple and the Peacock sanctuary. The town is bestowed with a large
number of wild peacocks, which roam around the Murugan temple.
Located at a distance of 58-km from Trichy is Sittanavasal, a site of
an ancient Jain monastery with fine fresco paintings in a rock cave.
Many of them are typical of the 9th century Pandyan period and include
exquisitely detailed pictures of animals, fish, ducks, people gathering
lotuses from a pond and two dancing figures. There are also inscriptions
dating back to the 9th and 10th centuries. Fresco paintings from the 7th
century can be seen on the ceiling of the Ardhamandapam.
There are many pre-historic burial sites around Sittanavasal and among
the relics unearthed are burial urns, cists and Kurangupatarai.
- Government Museum
Situated at Thirukokarnam, the museum is located near the Pudukkottai
station, at a distance of 40 km from Trichy. The rare collections in the
sections of Geology, Zoology, Paintings, Anthropology,
Epigraphy,Historical Records, etc., are very interesting. The museum is
open on all days except Mondays.
Kudumianmalai temple is located at a distance of 25-km from Trichy. The
presiding deity is Lord Sikhagireeswara. There are beautiful sculptures
and a thousand pillar-hall within the temple.
of Worship in Trichy ( Tiruchirappalli )
- Rock Fort Temple
The Rock Fort temple complex in Tiruchirappalli is a collection of
three temples - the Manikka Vinayakar temple at the foot of the
hill, the Uchhi Pillayar Koyil at the top of the hill and the
Taayumaanavar Koyil (Shivastalam) on the hill. This Shivastalam is a
rock cut temple on a hill and is the most prominent landmark in
Tiruchirappalli that can be reached by a flight of steps on the way
to the famous Ucchi Pillayar temple.
- Gangaikondan Cholapuram
GangaikondaCholapuram is located in Udayarpalayam Taluk (also spelt
as Taluka) of Perambalur district, at a distance of 100-km from
Trichy. Rajendra I, a Chola ruler established GangaikondaCholapuram
as his capital city and built a magnificent temple dedicated to Lord
Shiva. Apart from the huge Nandi, there are some beautiful
sculptures including a dancing Ganesha, a lion-headed well and a
stunning piece depicting Rajendra being crowned by Lord Shiva and
Also known as "Moovarkoil", Kodumbalur is 36-km from
Pudukkottai and 42-km from Tiruchirappalli. It was formerly the seat
of Irukkuvelirs, who were related to the Cholas. Of the three
shrines of Moovarkoil only two exist now. Boodhi Vikramakesari built
these temples in the 10th century AD. The architecture of the temple
is unique among south Indian temples. The sculptures of
Kalarimurthi, Gajasamharamurthi Ardhanariswara, Gangadaramurthi,
etc. are interesting masterpieces of art. Nearby is the
Muchukundeswarar temple of the early Chola period.
- Sri Ranganathaswami Temple At Srirangam
Located 7-km from Trichy is Srirangam, the abode of the Supreme
Lord, Sri Ranganatha, the reclining form of Lord Vishnu. The temple
of Ranganatha, the largest in India, is of particular reverence to
all Hindus. Srirangam is also listed as one of the Nava Graha
Sthalas, or temples representing the planets.
- Tiruvanaikkaval or Jambukeswara Temple
Situated 2-km east of Srirangam, this beautiful Shiva temple steals
the show from the larger Ranganathaswami temple due to its excellent
architectural design. The temple is named after the elephant, which
is believed to have worshipped Lord Shiva here. Installed under an
ancient Jambu tree, the lingam is partially submerged by water and
meant to represent God incarnate as Water.
- Avadayar Koil
Avadayar Koil, previously known as "Thiruperunthurai", is
an important Shivasthala located at a distance of 8 miles from the
Arantangi railway station and about 94-km from Trichy. The
sculptural work of the temple is exquisite. It is perhaps the best
architectural marvel in South India.
Located at a distance of 22-km from Trichy is Gunaseelam, a place
famous for its temple for Lord Vishnu, known as "Prasanna
- St. John's Church
Built in1812, St. John's Church has louver doors which open to
convert it into an airy pavilion. The surrounding cemetery is also
At a distance of 65-km from Trichy is Elakurichi, a place famous
for the ancient church built by the famous Catholic Missionary,
Constantine Joseph Beschi, popularly known as "Veeramamunivar".
Located at a distance of 30-km from Trichy is Avur, which is famous
for an old church constructed by Father John Venantius Bouchet.
& Festivals of Trichy ( Tiruchirappalli )
The Float Festival celebrated during the months of March-April at the Rock
Fort Temple draws crowds in huge numbers. Mohini Alangaram, Vaikunta
Ekadasi, Garuda Seva, Flower Festival and the Car Festival
(December-January) are the other main festivals celebrated at Srirangam.
Shopping in Trichy ( Tiruchirappalli )
Trichy is famous for its cigars and cheroots. Amongst handicraft are
brassware, handloom textiles, pith models of temples and Rock Fort, wood and
clay toys, jewellery, ornamental carved brass and copper plates inlaid with
silver (Tanjore plates), brassware, silks, carpets and musical instruments.
- Cigars, Handloom Saris, Pith models etc. are available at the Big
Bazaar street. Following are some of the popular places to shop in
- Khadi Kraft, opposite Railway Station, Junction Road (open on all
days except government holidays) Poompuhar Sales Emporium, near Main
- Ramjee & Co., Andal Street, Near Fort (for Veena, Violin and
other musical instruments)
- Saraswati Stores, Alimal Street
- Kannan & Co., Big Bazaar Street (for Indian musical records)
to stay in Trichy ( Tiruchirappalli )
Accommodation is available at the luxurious, middle class and small
budgeted hotels, lodges, and the railway retiring rooms in Trichy. The TTDC
offers a wide range of hotels, motels and youth hostels for a comfortable
stay. Besides, there are a number of unclassified hotels and lodges
Nearby Cities of Trichy ( Tiruchirappalli )
Tourist Information Centre of Trichy ( Tiruchirappalli )
- Dindigul - 93 km
- Karur - 69 km
- Manapparai - 37 km
- Pudukkottai - 50 km
- Tourist Information Counter, Government of Tamil Nadu, Trichy Railway
- Tourist Information Counter, Trichy Airport
- Government of Tamil Nadu Tourist Office
- Williams Road, Cantonment, Trichy
to Get There
Tiruchirappalli has an airport (5-km) from the city. Various airlines
connect Tiruchi with Chennai, Sharjah, Kuwait and Colombo.
Tiruchi is an important junction on the Southern Railway. It connects
Chennai, Thanjavur, Madurai, Tirupati, Tuticorin and Rameshwaram on the
metre gauge, and Bangalore, Coimbatore, Mysore, Kochi, Kannyakumarai and
Mangalore on the broad gauge.
- Road : Tiruchi is well connected by road with
important places of South India. City bus service, tourist taxis, auto
rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are available for local transportation.